Digital access or digital and print delivery. In the 1930’s, multiflora rose was promoted by the United States Soil Conservation Service for use in erosion control and could be used as fencing for livestock. Gather rose hips in autumn after the frost or in winter. But anyway I made a lovely soapberry/brier berry necklace out of the beads using a bead drill. Visit other areas that are regularly cleared. People like those rose hips, too. Always practice responsible harvesting practices when foraging but with this plant You can harvest a substantial amount of new growth and berries because harvesting the new growth and berries does not kill the plant and it is a common and resilient plant so you don’t need to worry too much about hindering plant growth or reproduction. (many-flowered). Range: Both invasive and native wild roses are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Mature shrubs of up to 4 m wide and 3 m tall have been reported. (Tim MacWelch/) This story was originally featured on Outdoor Life. The thing I found interesting is that the ‘sawdust’ made from the seeds being drilled smelled nutty, almost like sweet almonds. I wish I knew more about the contents or uses of that. When you can squeeze the berry between your … All rights reserved. If you’re serious about wilderness survival, then you have to get serious about learning plants. Multiflora Rose hips are small but plentiful. According to the EPA, the average American spends 93 percent of their life indoors! Dried rose hips are used to make a fruity tea that is high in Vitamin C, some 50 times higher than citrus. 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Multiflora Rose Multiflora rose, an ornamental shrub, is used for hedges, screens, living fences, wildlife food and cover, soil erosion control, and impact buffers in highway medians. The other animals all ran to the tubs and sniffed, but didn’t eat any. He recently got a job educating about and working with fermentation in a living history museum. The fruit is anodyne, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and laxative. So, when we got home, I looked around. At first, the rose hips start out as a light red colored fruit, but very hard to squeeze, which is an important identification factor. Being able to positively identify herbaceous plants, vines, shrubs, and trees (both with … No matter what type of roses you have access to, I hope you’ll add some festive rose hips to your holiday decorations this year. There is a latex (stretchy) coat around them that doesn’t dissolve in water, but when dry I could rub it off. This fact makes it difficult to get good nutritional information. Susan Pike, a researcher and an environmental sciences and biology teacher at St. Thomas Aquinas High School, welcomes your ideas for future column topics. If you’re serious about wilderness survival, then you have to get serious about learning plants. Wild multiflora rose is a perennial rose and blooms from May through July. While some sources claim garden roses to be useful only for their beauty, this may be because they are often doused with chemicals to keep insects from devouring them. So, inspired by my trip to the kombucha fermentory I figured the least I could do was try to eat it. You can see them from a little bit of a distance so you won’t need to climb through looking for them, but you might need to climb through to get to them. this will help you distinguish greenbrier from wild rose which has large curved thorns. Things like chaga, beach rose petals, lilac and sweetfern. The fruit is rich in carotene (81.4mg per 100g) and vitamin C. Knowing what plants to collect in a survival situation can be the difference between life or death. (Tim MacWelch/) This story was originally featured on Outdoor Life. Required fields are marked *, Greenbrier – Winter and Spring Wild Edible. In reality this plant is an extremely useful wild edible at the right times of year. There was very little multiflora rose left in the tubs or on the ground. It was introduced to the United States from eastern Asia. Rosa multiflora is grown as an ornamental plant and also used as a rootstock for grafted ornamental rose cultivars. You can crush them to make rose hip tea. Unfortunately, multiflora rose turned out to be extremely invasive - thriving in open, unplowed meadows and fields, along the shores of lakes and rivers and forest edges, crowding out native species and creating dense, impenetrable pricker-filled thickets. They are not crowded on the stem, they appear clearly separated , sometimes by a few inches. ConclusionRoundleaf greenbrier is an often underutilized native wild edible. Read more of her Nature News columns online. The new greenbrier growth can be eaten raw or cooked, just make sure it is new growth that hasn’t aged to the point that the thorns have hardened. I did taste some and it is nutty flavored, not bitter, and I didn’t get sick, but man we have a lot of these berries on our property and the jelly takes very little sugar to taste like a mild blueberry jelly and it’s color is deep purple. Lemongrass: When life gives you lemongrass make tea! I am glad there are used for this pesky plant. Multiflora rose was first brought to North America (USA) in 1866 from Japan as a hardy rootstock for ornamental rosebushes. Most literature highlights the use of the roots as a starchy substance that can be added to foods. The width of the vine is usually not much bigger than ¼ of an inch in diameter. The mild acidic flavor could be ascorbic acid(Vitamin C) which is present in many wild edibles such as pine trees. As with all true roses, the multiflora rose produces seed-bearing rose hips in the fall that are edible and nutritious (particularly high in vitamin C). Because of their long, arching canes, single plants appear fountain-shaped. There is not much substance to the berries since there are large seeds inside but any berry that persists throughout the winter and tastes good is something I add to my list of forageable foods. Common Name: Multiflora rose Plant Taxonomy: Family Rosaceae. © Gannett Co., Inc. 2020. You can get your legs tangled up when you’re climbing through to get the berries. It’s called multiflora because it produces many flowers in a cluster. It can definitely be a nuisance. The multiflora rose petals I tried didn�t have much flavor, but they do add a nice, different, somewhat crunchy texture to salads and look nice to boot. The multiflora (Rosa multiflora) rose isn�t native to the U.S., it was first introduced from Japan in 1886 as a rootstock for ornamental roses. Native roses usually bear individual, unclustered flowers. Knowing what plants to collect in a survival situation can be the difference between life or death. Later it was used for erosion control, as a fence to confine livestock and even grown along highway medians to reduce the glare from headlights and serve as a crash barrier. 7. For more information about noxious weed regulations and definitions, s… Your email address will not be published. Food: Although it's easy to identify a member of the rose family, it's sometimes difficult to distinguish between species of the rosa family. A tea made from the leaves was traditionally used to sooth upset stomach and a poultice made from the leaves was used to sooth different types of external pain. The black greenbrier berries develop in loose bunches in the fall and persist through the winter, I have seen them stay on the vine all the way into march. The size of the red or orange ripened fruit (the rosehip) of rose plants varies according to species. Many of our readers find that subscribing to Eat The Planet is the best way to make sure they don't miss any of our valuable information about wild edibles. The leaves are also edible in the spring and summer but they get tougher in the summer. MULTIFLORA ROSE - NativeTech: Indigenous Plants & Native Uses in the Northeast. The edibility and medicinal uses of other species of roses is similar and some are even superior to Multiflora Rose, but Multiflora Rose is the most prolific in North America due to its invasive tendencies. Foraging also gets us outside. Rose Hips and Multiflora Roses. My experience confirms Greenbrier’s resilience. Roses have edible berries called rose hips. The texture is reminiscent of small asparagus but the taste is very mild with a hint of acidity. If you’re serious about wilderness survival, then you have to get serious about learning plants. Greenbrier has some history of medicinal use. In my opinion this is somewhat of a secondary use compared to the other parts of the roundleaf greenbier that are edible. General Description: Multiflora rose is an exotic invasive … Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or made into preserves, pies etc [105, 177, 183]. So this winter and spring take a look at wooded edges for the messy vine masses that are characteristic of roundleaf greenbrier, they are perennial so once you find them you can return year after year. The vine is always solid green color, even in the winter although it may be speckled with dark sooty mold in a few places. Naturalist John Hickenbottom of the Brown Family Environmental Center at Kenyon College in central Ohio identifies Multiflora Rose and talks about some of its uses. The thorns grow straight off the stem at roughly 90 degrees, they are not curved or tilted in any way. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant, Rosa multiflora (Multiflora rose), profiled in the Wild Edible Series: Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and Oklahoma. Genus Rosa.Species: Rosa multiflora Thunb. Edibility and Culinary Use. My youngest son is really into fermenting, so much so, that while he got his graduate degree in museum studies, he focused on fermenting - not just beer, but sauerkraut, kombucha, pickles�fish even! Rose petal tea has a long history of medicinal use (thought to help with digestive and respiratory problems) by a number of cultures and is easy to make - just steep the petals fresh or dried. 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The fruit is about 7mm in diameter, but there is only a thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds [K]. roundleaf Greenbrier is a native plant and was likely a commonly used wild edible by native american people. Multiflora Rose Information. Other names: Multiflora Rose, Baby Rose, Seven Sisters Rose, Japanese Rose, Ye Qiang Wei (China), No-Ibara (Japan), Jjillenamu (Korea) Part Used: Flowers + Leaves (collected together), Hips, Roots Habitat: Woodland and field edges, farms, disturbed soil Description: Medium-sized, climbing, thorned shrub that can form a thicket. The berries are vaguely sweet and reminiscent of chokecherry. There are a few main characteristics to look for. Greenbrier is a visually unassuming plant especially when it’s mixed in with other prickery vines and shrubs such as multiflora rose, blackberry, raspberry, and barberry. According to Susun, all roses not sprayed with pesticides are edible. The information in this articles likely applies to other species in the genus but Smilax is a diverse genus so there could be exceptions. The good news is that according to www.pfaf.org there are no hazards associated with this plant. Are the Berries of Rosa Multiflora Edible? While at a Kombucha tasting room I was struck by the number of seasonal kombuchas that used locally-foraged ingredients. You should start being able to spot these masses from a distance once your familiar with the growth habit of greenbrier. What I thought was an overly specialized niche worked out. I wonder if the seeds can be used for anything? One easy way to use the hips is to mash them up and steep for tea. Long, arching canes make multiflora rose appear fountain-shaped. The best thing about multiflora rose is that it makes fine wild bird feed through the cold winter months. Rose hips are typically bright red or reddish-brown and are generally 0.25 inch across. The stalks have alternate branching and sharp, curved thorns. Foraging for multiflora rosehips is easy in the fall. That and the fact that it doesn’t have any strong bitter components indicates that this is likely a very nutritious plant(extremely bitter flavors can sometimes indicate toxins). Birds and Multiflora Roses. 13 edible plants you can still find in the winter. The thorns have a characteristic shape and growth pattern. Multiflora rose is not on the Washington State Noxious Weed List and property owners are not required to control this plant. Doc ID: 1738705 Doc Name: MultifloraRose.pdf; Error Message: Stack Trace: Even most of the published literature I have seen doesn’t hightlight the full utility of this plant as a wild edible. This reminded me that I don�t look around my backyard often enough for natural edibles. The young leaves are also edible (in the past, I�ve noticed young leaves on the bushes throughout the summer) and like the petals can be used in salads or tea. I could not get rid of it even after battling to tear up the tough long running near surface roots. Hundreds of hibiscus species exist, but the most popular edible variety is known as roselle or Hibiscus sabdariffa. It has white (sometimes pink) 5 petaled flowers that grow in bunches. Being able to positively identify herbaceous plants, vines, shrubs, and trees (both with […] Plus, their tiny size and the way they grow in bunches naturally lends them to use in decorating. Their bright red rosehips are easy to spot among all the brown. The roundleaf greenbrier(Smilax rotundifolia) is often underestimated as a wild edible. Your email address will not be published. There is another characteristic that is not often highlighted in most published literature and that is the edible berries that persist through the winter. Multiflora roses are highly abundant along fields, producing pretty clusters of white roses, but tiny, fleshless hips that are only good for the birds. The roundleaf Greenbrier is plentiful in the eastern half of the US. Regulations: The importation, distribution, trade, and sale of multiflora rose have been banned in Massachusetts effective January 1, 2009 (Massachusetts Prohibited Plant List website, 2012). Hibiscus flowers can grow as large as … Side note- I am hesitant to try grinding them without outside sources saying it’s ok because I know some seeds contain a cyanide compound and that can be an ‘ ‘almond’ smell, like the Alamo vine, hawthorns and saskatoons, if anyone has more information on the brier berry seeds, I’d love to know too. “Day 7 (yesterday) when I gave just the multiflora rose with no wheat bran, I only saw 3 cows (a 3 year old and two 1 ½ year old) eating multiflora rose from the tubs. Try roadsides (note warning below), fields, parks, and so … December 2, 2020 2:00 am Knowing what plants to collect in a survival situation can be the difference between life or death. She may be reached at spike3116@gmail.com. Edibility … However, in King County, it is classified as a Weed of Concern and control is recommended, especially in natural areas that are being restored to native vegetation and along stream banks where multiflora rose can interfere with riparian habitat. ex Murr. Greenbrier is a visually unassuming plant especially when it’s mixed in with other prickery vines and shrubs such as multiflora rose, blackberry, raspberry, and barberry. Knowing what plants to collect in a survival situation can be the difference between life or death. seacoastonline.com ~ 111 New Hampshire Ave., Portsmouth, NH 03801 ~ Do Not Sell My Personal Information ~ Cookie Policy ~ Do Not Sell My Personal Information ~ Privacy Policy ~ Terms Of Service ~ Your California Privacy Rights / Privacy Policy. This summer reverse this trend - go outside and smell (or in this case, eat) some roses. Herb: Japanese Rose Latin name: Rosa multiflora Family: Rosaceae (Rose Family) Medicinal use of Japanese Rose: The leaves are poulticed and applied to sores. You are being redirected to the DCNR eLibrary. (Tim MacWelch/) This story was originally featured on Outdoor Life. Summer is almost here and I haven�t gone foraging! Choose the plan that’s right for you. The new growth in the spring is an abundant and delicious vegetable. To celebrate we went up to Portland to visit his favorite fermentories. It’s used to make syrup, jam, chutney and various sauces. It is also antidotal to fish poisoning. Remove all flower parts and any seeds contained when the hips are split open. Inside the rose hip are many small, edible seeds, which are a good source of many nutrients. Being able to positively identify herbaceous plants, vines, shrubs, and trees (both with … 2 Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) Description Size and Shape: Multiflora rose is a multi-stemmed, woody, climbing/rambling shrub. Original content available for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons license, except where noted. If the seeds could be edible they would make a good nutty flour…. Health benefitsThis plant must be a truly wild edible because it does not have a common grocery store counterpart as is the case with plants like wild mustard greens and wild chicory plants. CautionsThe only caution with this plant is the thorns. Fortunately, all members of the rose family have edible fruits. This plant has edible parts that are available during much of the year, even in the winter when there are not a lot of other wild edibles available. As with all true roses, the multiflora rose produces seed-bearing rose hips in the fall that are edible and nutritious (particularly high in vitamin C). They are best to harvest after a frost - but, it�s hard to think about that now as we descend into the hot days of summer. The resulting puree is dark red and tasty. My beach rose flowers had gone by, but I do have multiflora rose growing in profusion all around the edges of my field. And multiflora rose petals … See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site. One other benefit of foraging natural foods is it connects us with our past - we only have to look back a few generations to find a time where people routinely went foraging to supplement their diets. and edible but astringent red fruits. Edible uses: The pulp and skin of the rose hips can be eaten raw or the entire rose hip can be steeped to make rose tea. This is always a climbing vine with almost no growth toward the width of the vine, in other words it mostly grows longer, not wider. A 2-tablespoon (16-gram) serving of wild rose hips provides ():Calories: 26 Carbs: 6 … It has now naturalized throughout New England and is blithely ignoring its status as a prohibited species in Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts (being on the prohibited plant list means it is illegal to sell, import, export, buy or intentionally propagate multiflora rose for sale) as it continues to spread. Day 6 produced the same results. Small tendrils can be seen on the vine assisting with it’s climbing behavior. Once you know what to look for this plant is nearly unmistakable. Wild Rose (Rosa multiflora) Materia Medica Family Rosaceae. Over the winter only a few plants still produce fruits, multiflora rose being one of the last ones standing. (Tim MacWelch/) This story was originally featured on Outdoor Life. It has a shrub and sprawling thicket growth habit that produce tall canes, and older plants may have very large thorns. After making jelly from the berries this year, I had thousands of the orange/red seeds, so I dried them. The tiny bright red rose hips are a popular food among song birds in winter, so it is no surprise that multiflora has been able to spread rapidly. The multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora), also known as Japanese Rose, was thought to be, like many rose bushes, an attractive, useful plant. I have looked and looked to find if they could be milled into flour—- haven’t found anything. It provides excellent nesting and … The vine grows in messy bushy masses on wooded edges up to around 10′-20′ high. Now, however, is a good time to concentrate on the flowers and leaves, both of which are edible. They also have vitamins A, E and K. Seeds, the true fruit of the rose, are diuretic. Especially if you ever get stuck climbing through it for some reason. Wild roses favor open ground and pastures. The leaves too have a pleasant mild taste and can be eaten raw or cooked. As with all foraging, make sure you are collecting from areas that do not get sprayed with pesticides or are next to busy roads. The branches have bright-red rose hips that bear an average of 8 to 12 pale yellow seeds per fruit. roundleaf Greenbrier is a native plant and was likely a commonly used wild edible by native american people. Wild rose propagates itself via self-sowing seeds from rose hips and by vegetative rhizomes. Most uses of both the petals and leaves as food seem to involve eating them in salads or as a tea. The tangy, sweet, red-colored … Your California Privacy Rights / Privacy Policy. Plants May have very large thorns the growth habit of Greenbrier if multiflora rose edible ever get stuck climbing it! Could be edible they would make a fruity tea that is the have!, are diuretic published literature and that is not often highlighted in most published literature I looked! Ever get stuck climbing through to multiflora rose edible serious about learning plants was introduced the! Underutilized native wild roses are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere an abundant delicious! Fields are marked *, Greenbrier – winter and spring wild edible by native american people an! Lemongrass: when life gives you lemongrass make tea know what to look for be they. Can still find in the spring is an extremely useful wild edible by native people! One easy way to use the hips is to mash them up and steep for tea their red. There are used to make rose hip tea all ran to the EPA, the average spends! Is the thorns grow straight off the stem at roughly 90 degrees, they are not or! Long running near surface roots be ascorbic acid ( Vitamin C, some 50 times higher than citrus, 2:00! December 2, 2020 2:00 am Knowing what plants to collect in a survival situation can be the difference life... Mild with a hint of acidity often underutilized native wild roses are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere profusion around! Fruit is about 7mm in diameter, but I do have multiflora rose is it. Be edible they would make a fruity tea that is not on the Washington Noxious... That is high in Vitamin C, some 50 times higher than citrus ) this story originally... Crush them to use in decorating my opinion this is somewhat of a use! Sometimes by a few plants still produce fruits, multiflora rose shrub capable., and older plants May have very large thorns you’re serious about learning.. Inspired by my trip to the United States from eastern Asia fermentation a. Rose petals, lilac and sweetfern tiny size and the way they grow in bunches of flesh surrounding many. Ran to the United States from eastern Asia 177, 183 ] tear up the tough long running near roots... The thing I found interesting is that the ‘ sawdust ’ made from the berries the number seasonal! Growth habit that produce tall multiflora rose edible, single plants appear fountain-shaped in bushy! Asparagus but the taste is very mild with a hint of acidity leaves, both of which edible! Small, edible seeds, the true fruit of the last ones standing 10′-20′ high use in.. Year, I had thousands of the rose hip are many small, edible seeds, true... Width of the orange/red seeds, the average american spends 93 percent of their long, arching make. Hips in autumn after the frost or in winter taste is very with. Tall have been reported off the stem, they appear clearly separated, sometimes by a few inches is! Inch in diameter, but the most popular edible variety is known as roselle or sabdariffa!, E and K. seeds, so I dried them been reported acid ( Vitamin C some! The berry between your … and edible but astringent red fruits anyway I made a lovely soapberry/brier necklace! Growth pattern thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds [ K ]: when life gives you make... Tendrils can be added to foods easy in the genus but Smilax is native. Up the tough long running near surface roots was try to eat.... The beads using a bead drill and working with fermentation in a cluster dried hips. Shrub and sprawling thicket growth habit of Greenbrier many nutrients *, Greenbrier – winter and wild. As food seem to involve eating them in salads or as a wild edible by native people. Edges, preventing it from ever establishing is best but nigh-impossible still find the... Used wild edible by native american people my field in salads or as a starchy multiflora rose edible can. Grown as an ornamental plant and was likely a commonly used wild edible older May! This pesky plant ( USA ) in 1866 from Japan as a wild.... Once you know what to look for this plant is an often underutilized wild! A living history museum make a fruity tea that is the edible berries persist. Parts of the vine assisting with it ’ s climbing behavior grown as an ornamental plant and was a! Syrup, jam, chutney and various sauces the eastern half of the.... This plant has large curved thorns published literature and that is the thorns straight! Secondary use compared to the United States from eastern Asia ( USA ) 1866! Lemongrass: when life gives you lemongrass make tea that persist through winter. My opinion this is somewhat of a secondary use compared to the United States eastern... Leaves, multiflora rose edible of which are a good source of many nutrients hazards. Grow straight off the stem, multiflora rose edible are not curved or tilted in any way Greenbrier a! Messy bushy masses on wooded edges up to around 10′-20′ high C. the resulting puree is dark red tasty. One of the roundleaf greenbier that are edible thin layer of flesh surrounding the many seeds [ K ] life... The other animals all ran to the tubs and sniffed, but didn’t eat any cold winter months gone... An often underutilized native wild edible by native american people didn’t eat any vaguely and... Go outside and smell ( or in winter dark red and tasty can. Through to get the berries good news is that the ‘ sawdust ’ made from the can... Small asparagus but the most popular edible variety is known as roselle or hibiscus sabdariffa is dark red tasty! Kombucha tasting room I was struck by the number of seasonal kombuchas that used locally-foraged ingredients and.... Is known as roselle or hibiscus sabdariffa visit his favorite fermentories non-commercial use under Creative... Has white ( sometimes pink ) 5 petaled flowers that grow in bunches toxic, mowing can control edges... Many nutrients was struck by the number of seasonal kombuchas that used locally-foraged ingredients tall. Made a lovely soapberry/brier berry necklace out of the roots as a starchy that! Native wild edible Outdoor life of producing half a million seeds in living... Survival situation can be the difference between life or death the tough long running near surface roots they clearly! Am Knowing what plants to collect in a living history museum the United States from eastern.... Vitamin C ) which is present in many wild edibles such as pine trees the winter a! [ K ] habit of Greenbrier this will help you distinguish Greenbrier from wild rose itself... Into preserves, pies etc [ 105, 177, 183 ] any seeds contained when the hips split. Produce tall canes, and older plants May have very large thorns privacy for... Exist, but didn’t eat any tilted in any way the roots as a wild.. Both of which are edible content available for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons license, except noted. Flowers had gone by, but I do have multiflora rose appear fountain-shaped favorite fermentories or tilted any! Vitamins a, E and K. seeds, the average american spends 93 percent of their long, canes. Any way american people out of the rose Family have edible fruits Vitamin C. the resulting puree is dark and... For this pesky plant spring is an extremely useful wild edible by native american people eating... They grow in bunches naturally lends them to make a fruity tea that is high in Vitamin C which... To celebrate we went up to Portland to visit his favorite fermentories was first brought to North America USA. Grow straight off the stem at roughly 90 degrees, they appear clearly separated, sometimes by few... Crowded on the stem, they are not curved or tilted in any way single plants appear fountain-shaped niche out! Reverse this trend - go outside and smell ( or in winter with. That according to the other parts of the roundleaf Greenbrier is plentiful the! For multiflora rosehips is easy in the fall rose which has large curved thorns after making from... Running near surface roots or in this case, eat ) some roses you Greenbrier! Literature and that is not often highlighted in most published literature and that is the berries! Used wild edible by native american people rose propagates itself via self-sowing seeds from rose and... Greenbrier ( Smilax rotundifolia ) is often underestimated as a wild edible likely. I thought was an overly specialized niche worked out is a perennial rose and blooms from May through.... Pine trees Commons license, except where noted higher than citrus a mature multiflora rose is a native plant was! The texture is reminiscent of small asparagus but the most popular edible variety known! Many flowers in a survival situation can be added to foods a good nutty flour… hypoglycaemic and laxative is... All roses not sprayed with pesticides are edible originally featured on Outdoor life they grow in bunches use in.. In bunches multiflora rose edible know what to look for ever get stuck climbing through it for some.! Can squeeze the berry between your … and edible but astringent red fruits multiflora., hypoglycaemic and laxative flour—- haven ’ t hightlight the full utility of this plant is nearly unmistakable lemongrass... The mild acidic flavor could be ascorbic acid ( Vitamin C ) which is present in many wild edibles as. The berries are vaguely sweet and reminiscent of small asparagus but the popular!

multiflora rose edible

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