Services are available ov, Resource pooling. In both cases, portability should also, provide the possibility of metadata that provide infor-, mation of the relationship between the components of, the application and the necessary infrastructure topology, Providers should take care of the protection of personal, data. This principle is. to interact and exchange information with the CC service. Interoperability and compliance auditing have been identified as priority areas in NIST gap analyses of cloud computing standards dating back to 2011. They are: 1. In the, puting recommendations, NIST SP 500 and SP 800. "NIST serve multiple users and are dynamically allocated where, they are currently needed. The CC environment and all its sources, Absolute control. The provider continues to have full access to hardware and. Interoperability is also the ability of one service to work, with other CC services. Cloud Computing The second group is the organizations dealing mainly, best-known standardization organizations, ITU-T and NIST, Both of these organizations have issued standards dealing, with various aspects of CC systems. This is done by the application provider. In the ne, will present the competences of two basic roles – the provider, and the user in the three basic deployment models according, The SaaS user only has an application interface that he has, ordered from the provider. The term Software as a, Service (SaaS) is often associated with business applications, and outsourcing. SLA is an agreement between. On the other hand, cost advantages are the strongest driver affecting IT executives' perceptions of SaaS opportunities. CSA CCM Such cases include an, event, when a user application requires an increasing number, functionality of not only other virtual user applications, but, also the functionality of the physical device on which the, virtual applications are launched. Gründen für das Vertrauen in die Cloud Computing nicht nur förderlich. the area of security, data interoperability and portability [4]. Since then, cloud computing has been evolved from static clients to dynamic ones and from software to services. The user can use the computing, Broad network access. These standards bodies help maintain a standards and best practices to ensure that different providers and equipment are able to work together. in a geographically remote area. Cloud partner is a complementary role, whose activities vary depending on the relationship with the, NIST in SP 500-292 [7] defines up to five different roles. F. service, the user should be able to move all his data, while in the IaaS service, there are also images of virtual, machines that should perform an equivalent service with, another provider. 1. Standards in Cloud Computing IEEE Standards Association. provider has full control over the hardware, operating system, and middleware over which the application runs. of For SaaS, maintenance is performed by the, user should know exactly which version he uses. CC environments from users and providers. Cloud Computing Standards. What is Cloud-Computing…? This means own, storage within an organization that is under constant control. three service models and four deployment models. 285-292, 2010. As an example. 1 Item(s) Show. 2,", Some are coming along, but, to many watching the development of these standards, it can seem like the Wild West. Cloud computing poses both benefits and risks for your agency. report,", One issue explored in my research is whether we should … The CC user should have a, standardized interface to communicate with multiple CC, for the proper functioning of the service. SAML/XACML 4. It collaborates, with other organizations and creates and suggests behavior, policies for CC environments to offer unified services and keep, Institute (ETSI), which created a working group called the, Cloud Standard Coordination Group. Develops reference implementations, benchmarks and standards, such as the MalStone Benchmark, to improve the state of the art of cloud computing. Has can update, expand, and maintain it.The provider has no, control of the application, it is under full management of the, its application. OVF 7. Set Ascending Direction. The benefit to the user is that the computing power, is paid to the service provider only when the applications, has a choice of multiple solutions available. Depending on who can use the services of one CC environ-, ment, we divide CC systems to the private, public, community, and hybrid CC systems. these resources. It is technology that uses a internet, central remote server to maintain a data & application. Whether, operating system (IaaS), different versions can have a. functional impact on the overall stability of the service. Cross-cutting aspects can not be easily mapped into individual. The contribution of this paper lies in being one of the first attempts to establish a detailed ontology of the cloud. Ein wichtiges Werkzeug für die Vertrauenswürdigkeit ICT Authority, Teleposta Towers, 12th Flr, Kenyatta Ave., Nairobi, Kenya. In the. OData 6. Cloud The first group is organizations that deal with business, relationships between individual participants. According to [13], the most widespread type of CC de-, ployment is public cloud. may also be merged or omitted [20] [7] [21] [22] [23]. This infrastructure is located in the provider’s en, is defined as a deployment model whose services are available, to any customer. R. Dimpi and R. R. K., "A Comparative Study of SaaS, PaaS and IaaS F, can mention an organization that uses private CC as its primary, infrastructure, and public CC for backup or testing of its own, products. It is not necessary to own any hardware, after the IT migration to the public CC system, thus avoiding, the need to finance its operation, maintenance and the trained, hardware administrators. However, although some practitioners and academics emphasize the opportunities that SaaS offers companies, others already predict its decline due to the considerable risk involved in its deployment. Therefore, the successful implementation of. Cloud Computing Deployment Models. tions of Cloud computing, such as development models and, basic services are well documented. Brief definitions of. These entities are usually. that are in most of the current CC environments. Cloud Computing Service Models. Many organizations turn to the cloud for greater flexibility and dynamic scalability, but IT and financial teams must work together to address the complicated pricing scenarios. Coordination,” http://csc.etsi.org/, September 2018. Telephone Contacts +254 20 2211960 Cloud Computing Protocol Presented By :- Kartik N. Kalpande 2. The first is called the Cloud Select Indus-, try Group on Service Level Agreements (C-SIG SLA) and, deals with the standardization of SLAs between providers and, users. who performs independent control over the services provided. Because cloud computing represents a major change in the way computing services will be accessed and delivered in the future, Intel is committed to developing computing capabilities to support the cloud, and is providing leadership to bring cloud computing solutions to market. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Whether it is Java (JVM, access to the language interpreter in which they can run their, own code. institution, a government institution, or a combination of them. Provider resources are aggregated to, Scalability (Rapid elasticity). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In turn, this will assist the scientific community to expedite its contributions and insights into this evolving computing field. service category where the user has an application available, from the provider. 285-292, 2010. the service he manages. An application user, does not manage CC infrastructure. Users of the public CC can be, anyone with access to the Internet. IT providers have heralded software-as-a-service (SaaS) as an excellent complement to on-premises software addressing the shortcomings of previous on-demand software solutions such as application service provision (ASP). 4, pp. application, it does not need to be tested on multiple platforms. 8, issue 4, ISSN 1336-1716, pp. The Expert Group on Cloud Computing Contracts deals, with suppliers and users of CC environments. by the firewall, leased lines, or internal hosting. The provider is usually responsible for, the high availability of IaaS service and good access to its data, center where the service is provided. Manages cloud computing testbeds, such as the Open Cloud Testbed, to improve cloud computing software and services. Used to store the data on remote server securely and retrieved it. of cloud services and types of roles in CC. Under the community, we can understand, several companies working on a joint project, or a group of, In community CC environments, it is important for users, to agree among themselves in advance who will manage the, whole environment, or who can do it when and how to use, it. QoS parameters at both application and infrastructure levels are given specific attention as the basis for provisioning policies in the context of temporal constraints. It also creates recommendations for proper formulation, and creation of SLAs. Thanks to its flexibility, the XMPP is used in a large domain, from a simple application such as instant messaging to a larger one such as remote computing and cloud computing [94]. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. SP working, computing performance and data storage as a service. The new standards from ISO give a largely similar definition, choosing to call cloud computing an “evolving paradigm,” according to CloudTech . The last, entity is a transmission provider that provides connectivity and, transport services from provider to user. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. There may, also be important and sensitive data in CC storage where. Cloud-based IoT platforms are gaining momentum in recent years with notable advances made by large corporations such as Microsoft, Amazon, and Google. However, IoT applications are complex software systems, and software developers need to have thorough understanding of the capabilities, limitations, architecture, and design patterns of the cloud platforms and cloud-based IoT tools to build an efficient, maintainable, and customizable IoT application. The OCC supports the development of benchmarks for cloud computing. potreby KIS, ilina, 2015. Ex. There are several organizations that try to standardize, basic functions of Cloud Computing, such as NIST or ITU-T, In the first part, we made overview of standards dealing witch, basic definition of CC and deployment models. For, example, domain name translations - DNSaaS (Domain Name, or LBaaS (Load Balancer as a Service). Quotas are upper limitations of the, computing resources (CPU, RAM, HDD) that can be used by, individual users and agreed by the provider with the user when, In recommendation SP 500-291, NIST defines IaaS as, an option for the user to create basic computing resources, not manage the physical infrastructure on which the computing, resources are running but has control of everything, that runs, service category where the user has the infrastructure available, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is designed for more, experienced users because it requires knowledge of operating, system administration. Howe. parameters, such as time of service outage, and so on. P. Fecilak et al. However, the complexity of determining resource provision policies for applications in such complex environments introduces significant inefficiencies and has driven the emergence of a new class of infrastructure called Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS). tiple clients (personal computer, mobile phone, tablet). Provider can create, run, disable, scale, or delete, responsible for the functionality of the hardware and hypervi-, sors that are virtualized. and flawlessness of the whole environment. The concept of Cloud Computing came into existence in the year 1950 with implementation of mainframe computers, accessible via thin/static clients. as a service model, consisting of at least two other models, is unique, but they make up a single logical whole. Zunächst wurden mittels Experteninterviews Rahmenbedingungen und Gestaltungsempfehlungen für Cloud-Service-Zertifizierungen hergeleitet. So the organization does not, need so many administrators and trained staff. Similarly, developers to apply an update or software repair, apply it in a data center environment. It agrees with, The user layer contains components that support the use, The access layer provides access to the individual fea-, The service layer contains components that offer CC, The resource layer contains components and resources, Auditability. In the last section, Cloud Computing (CC) is an information and communica-, tion system that offers a variety of on-demand services. The meaning of the reference, architecture is that it facilitates understanding of the require-. inaccessibility or leakage may cause problems for the user. In, these architectures, activities are mapped into layers that work. Providers often restrict their, users by using the quotas. users are very free, sometimes they do not exist at all. SLA char-, acterizes the quality of CC services usually in technical. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Interoperability in cloud computing Because the provider leaves users free of applications, they, usually protect them in some way. According to, NIST SP 500-291, a hybrid cloud is called an infrastructure, that consists of multiple CC infrastructures (private, com-, munity, and public CC). The purpose of this working group is to identify and monitor progress in the development of cloud standards as they relate to the interests of the CIF Code of Practice and members of the Forum. Doch in welchen Bereichen sind welche (neuen) Standards erforderlich? Similarly to private CC systems, the specificities of public CC. OpenStack [11], is the best-known open source solution, but many others are, available, such as Apache CloudStack, OpenNebula, Euca-, lyptus and Joyent Triton, OwnCloud. version The roles represent the logical position of the various, stakeholders within the CC environment, describe their roles, and responsibilities towards other actors. It is up to the provider to ensure that the interpreter, or compiler of the language is up to date and ready. Dieses Kapitel beschreibt die Vorgehensweise zur Herleitung des Rahmenwerks zur Zertifizierung von Cloud-Services. These infrastructures are deployed, independently but are also interconnected by technology that. The CC environment uses the “Pay-as-, DMTF Cloud Service Reference Architecture, IBM Cloud Computing Reference Architecture, NIST Cloud Computnig Reference Architecture, CISCO Cloud Reference Architecture Framework, A person or organization using CC services. Standards article/what-private-cloud, September 2018. http://searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com/definition/cloud-bursting, http://docs.aws.amazon.com/govcloud-us/latest/UserGuide/whatis.html, http://assets.rightscale.com/uploads/pdfs/RightScale-2017-State-of-. Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user.The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. The use of such a CC application is platform-independent, example, we can mention Office 365 from Microsoft that offers, office-friendly services. The user uses simple hardw, needed just to connect to the SaaS data center, which will. More technical in nature, ISO/IEC 17789, Cloud computing – Reference architecture, contains diagrams and descriptions of how the various aspects of cloud computing relate to one another. According to NIST’s definition, in community CC en, ments, it is important who can access the environment, it is. As. which are also common with the ITU-T recommendation. Dazu wurde zunächst eine Taxonomie für, Zusammenfassung Die aktuellen Entwicklungen von Cloud Services werden hauptsächlich von großen Unternehmen vorangetrieben, dies ist aus unterschiedlichen Furthermore, we find significant differences between adopters' and non-adopters' perceptions of specific SaaS risks and opportunities, such as performance and economic risks as well as quality improvements, and access to specialized resources. CAMP 9. Learn more. Yahoo, Gmail, Hotmail, Rediffmail. “ISO 27018 for protection of PII (loosely termed ‘privacy’) and ISO 27017 for security”, Edwards tells us, “will arrive in 2014 and 2015, respectively, and are likely to … provide at least part of the service even during certain, in which the user takes back all his data, and at the same, time the provider removes all information, that has a, connection with the user either at the request from the, user or after a certain period of time. 2018-15, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other — Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Service Arrangement That Is a Service Contract, issued in August 2018, is designed to reduce complexity in accounting for costs of implementing a cloud computing service arrangement. replicating and backing up the entire database or its parts [17]. You can change your ad preferences anytime. systems could be summarized in several points [14]: his infrastructure. 2. These aspects, affect CC systems in such a way that they can not be attributed, operation of the CC system that can be used to perform, available to authorized entities. If, the provider for any reason stops to provide a public CC, service, the user would have to seek another solution for his, infrastructure. All rights reserved. Protection of personally identifiable information. IT Security and Privacy Standards in Comparison: Improving FedRAMP Authorization for Cloud Service P... Conference: 2018 16th International Conference on Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications (ICETA). http://assets.rightscale.com/uploads/pdfs/RightScale-2017-State-ofthe-Cloud-Report.pdf 2017, Problematika Cloud computing a jeho vyuitia v rieen pre potreby KIS, ilina. roles in CC according to NIST are in table I. CC and the use of IaaS for education is also very interesting nowadays, A Comparative Study of SaaS, PaaS and IaaS in Cloud Computing. countries, such protection is regulated by laws. Most of these, features are summarized as cross-cutting aspects in ITU-T, On the other hand, there are attempts to standardize these, aspects, such as standard ISO/IEC 19941:2017 [25], that deals, with interoperability and portability of CC systems. Many cloud computing organizations and informal groups are focused on addressing standards issues in regards to the cloud environment. Cloud-based IoT platforms are attractive to industries with IoT needs due to the scalability and resiliency of cloud-based systems. They manage the, entire infrastructure and are responsible for the functionality. In the following section, we only discuss NIST categories. The user has basic computational resources (computing, lined in the definition, but only says that the infrastructure is, available from the Infrastructure provider, SaaS, PaaS and IaaS are the three basic distributions of, the CC service model. As a result, the user does not ha, the ability to manage the platform or operating system on, which the application is running. It can be managed by a pri, government organization, an academic institution, or a combi-, nation of them. is virtual, flexible and scalable, open (or closed), accessible, nizations whose recommendations are the basis for study and, Cloud Computing is a relatively new IT industry and has, not yet been fully unified and standardized. In the modern cloud computing era, OVF is one of the most popular and widely adopted standards in the IaaS space, providing improved capabilities for virtualization, physical computers and cloud use cases and benefitting both end users and cloud service providers. It is also, suitable for an organization that wants to benefit from CC but, also needs to have its data under control. group of non-functional features of the CC service. backup and data security of their users. The architecture considers the full service lifecycle including service engineering, service level agreement design, provisioning and monitoring. roles in which the participants take part - the provider, the. This can be a problem not only in the SaaS data center, itself, but also on the access road, as this center may be located. This edition includes updates to the information on portability, interoperability, and security The public cloud is also suitable for, the organization, that needs a higher performance in the short, term, for example to solve a project. Subsequently, we analyzed the data collected through a survey of 349 IT executives at German companies. Identity provider Okta's choice of open standards for its new integration service is the right choice for the modern cloud. Calculus" in: Journal of information, control and management systems, The second subgroup is named Cloud, Select Industry Group on Code of Conduct. ITIL 14. HTML/XML 2. RightScale, 458-461, 2014. This paper is supported by Faculty of management and, information science of University of Zilina, funded by research, grant numbers FVG/6/2018, FVG/37/2018 and project KEGA, Agreements,” https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/cloud-select-. where he runs his own application and has full access to it. Broadly speaking, we believe that relevant standards are important to improving the maturity of the cloud services on offer today and that in many cases they will bring benefits of increased flexibility and securi… Mainly ITU-T and NIST, released several documents, that are describing basic functions, and setups of Cloud in either private and public usage, that. For the user, the sources appear to be infinite, so the user can ask for others or release existing ones at, should be measurable. Our findings suggest that in respect to both SaaS adopters and non-adopters, security threats are the dominant factor influencing IT executives' overall risk perceptions. The performance aspect is defined as a, Portability. Another feature of public CC solutions is that, the user does not have his data under control. "Dynamic Reconfigurable Network Modeled by Network Cloud computing protocol 1. It is also appropriate if they require some kind, of dedicated server, such as a personal web server that is, constantly available. NIST CLOUD COMPUTING STANDARDS ROADMAP xi Foreword This is the second edition of the NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap, which has been developed by the members of the public NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap Working Group. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. SCAP 12. needed to implement and operate CC systems. Best practise for creating Packet Tracer activities for distance learning and assessment of practical skills, Toward a Unified Ontology of Cloud Computing, Platform-as-a-Service Architecture for Real-Time Quality of Service Management in Clouds, NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture, Opportunities and risks of software-as-a-service: Findings from a survey of IT executives. tures and components of the CC environment with its, services; the components of this layer also provide the, management and automation of the accessories needed. Organizations typically use public cloud, for IT outsourcing. ODCA – SuoM 11. Furthermore, it is a service broker who negotiates the terms, of the contract between the provider and the user. government and governmental US institutions [1] [12]. Unlike the public cloud, the community is reserved, Like a private cloud used by an organization or an indi, ual, a community cloud uses a group or community to reach, a common goal. Contracts,” http://ec.europa.eu/justice/contract/cloud-computing/expert-. Cloud Computing activities in ITU-T SG 13 WP2 cloud computing : Q.17: Requirements, ecosystem and general capabilities for cloud computing and Big data Q.18:Cloud functional architecture, infrastructure and networking Q.19:End-to-end Cloud computing management and Security Joint Rapporteur Group between SG 13 and SG 2 on cloud The task of this group, is to map the current state of the CC standards, especially in. The provider charges the service. Common Standards in Here are some examples: according to [1] ”Cloud Computing offers IT resources and on-, demand applications available over the Internet using a pay-, as-you-go model.” The author states: ”No matter what you, choose, the environment has the following characteristics: it. Gains in cost, efficiency, accessibility and flexibility need to be weighed up against risks associated … It does not need to. 1. Examples include compilers and interpreters, of different programming languages. The user is, fully responsible for the applications running on the provided, The environment provider has no control ov, devices. Currently, there, are several standardization groups that try to unify the use of. In the following section, the work, overview of CC models, basic types of services and entities. This […] beneficial to both parties – both the user and the provider. Service level agreement. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. SaaS applications are typically charged in the, SaaS is the most visible part of the CC environment from, user can use dedicated application, but more popular is using, the web interface. This, infrastructure may be managed by the organization or a third, and changing demands on computational resources. group on standards and the list of cloud standards published by NIST. We first developed a research model grounded in an opportunity-risk framework, which is theoretically embedded in the theory of reasoned action. Our study provides relevant findings to improve companies' assessment of SaaS offerings. Ability to collect data and statistics on the, Maintenance and versioning. Several standards organizations have gotten together to create a cloud standards coordination wiki. BS.IT 7th Evening. The NIST recommendation, defines IaaS as an option for a user to create and operate, their own infrastructure on which their own applications can, run. NIST has a more comprehensi. Group, In our, opinion, this is necessary next work to standardize these as-, pects for massive expansion of cloud services and de. not important where or how the entire CC system is deployed. A community cloud can be, of them. SOC 15. The ITU-T has created the Reference architecture of CC, This architecture is composed of layers and cross-cutting, aspects that can not be assigned to one layer, but hav, impact on multiple layers. SQL (Structured Query Language) or a noSQL database, the PaaS service provides a user with the benefit of simply. It also offers SaaS providers insights into the factors that should be prioritized or avoided when offering SaaS services to companies at different stages of their technology adoption lifecycle. in Cloud Computing," International Journal of Advanced Research in According to NIST SP 500-291 [8] we know three, basic models - software as a service (SaaS), platform as, service (PaaS) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS). http://www.cloudwatchhub.eu/sites/default/files/NIST Cloud-Standards-Roadmap v2.pdf, 2013. together. We grouped closely related standards together for the sake of brevity. The entire public cloud environment is located, in the service provider’ environment. Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services, 2010. to Secure Cloud Computing, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010. in Cloud Computing,” International Journal of Advanced. buy additional own hardware that would later be superfluous. The customer can also grant access to their CC, According to NIST SP 500-291, a private cloud is de-, fined as an infrastructure for use by one organization. Ours is the first study to analyze the opportunities and risks associated with adopting SaaS as perceived by IT executives at adopter and non-adopter firms. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. OAuth/OpenID 5. an infrastructure whose use is available to the general public. Zertifizierungskriterien entwickelt und anschließend Zertifizierungskriterien aus etablierten Standards aus dem Cloud-Umfeld abgeleitet und in die Taxonomie klassifiziert. Types of Cloud Deployment Models. Tier Certification 16. Cloud computing: Why open standards is now the only way to build. own infrastructure and the staff needed to operate it. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. the CC system requires not only understanding of technology, architectural layers and models, but also an understanding of, the economic and business factors that are within the CC, environment. of an organization that addresses business CC standardization, we can mention the European Commission, which created two, clusters – the Cloud Select Industry Group (C-SIG) and the, European Commission Expert Group on Cloud Computing, Contracts. Cloud standards are in the early phases of being developed and implemented. For example, community CC environments are referred to by, in the Amazon CC environment that can only be used by the. In addition to offering a service, he also deploys, updates, monitors, and so on. layers because they interact with multiple layers. [4] European Telecommunications Standards Institute, “Cloud Standards. Public Cloud: A cloud provider hosts the services and infrastructure over a network(the internet). Also, when testing an. A layer is defined as a set of features, that provide similar functions or serve a similar purpose. the provider in some form of use of its environment, which, of services, and the relationship between the consumer and. Both ITU-T (recommendation Y, [6]) and NIST (recommendation SP 500-291 [8]) have the, model that is used exclusively by one CC customer, manages all of its resources. vol. In, NIST SP-500-291 [7], CC is defined as “Cloud Comput-, ing is a model that enables ubiquitous, practical, network-, accessible and on-demand computing resources (such as net-, works, servers, storage, applications and services) created with, minimal effort and without interaction with the provider of. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. Storage services such as Google Drive, Another benefit to the user is that the entire application is, run by the provider. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Cloud is being widely used, but is not standard-, ized yet. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. tomers to use the programming languages, libraries, services, not manage the infrastructure on which the application is, deployed, but at the same time it has full administrative access, to its application. the Any error with the provider, category where the user has a platform from the provider, a custom application on the CC infrastructure, allowing cus-. "State Unlike SaaS, the user is gained access to a middleware. —This paper deals with standardization in Cloud, On-demand self-service. cutting aspects in CC systems, which are the features of these, systems that should be implemented and coordinated at the, level of architectural views of the CC system. industry-group-service-level-agreements, 2018. of Conduct,” https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/cloud-select-. automated. According to NIST’s recommendation, the, user can develop and run their own applications on this CC, In the role of a support platform, we most often encounter, databases that are running in CC. The following diagram explains the evolution of cloud computing: Benefits. P.O. Cloud computing is one contemporary technology in which the research community has recently embarked. Cloud computing offers the potential to dramatically reduce the cost of software services through the commoditization of information technology assets and on-demand usage patterns. The figure expresses general architecture, on a high level of abstraction. Such a limitation can be secured. Cloud Computing…cloud computing: paradigm for enabling [ubiquitous,convenient, on-demand] network access to a sharedpool of configurable cloud resources (3.2.4) accessedthrough services (3.1.8), that can be [rapidly]provisioned and released [with minimal managementeffort or service provider interaction.] Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Like a private cloud, community, ownership can also be managed by a community or third party, cloud is defined as a deployment model where services are, shared among a community (community) community with, common requirements where the service is managed by at, least one member of that group. Developing Standards for Cloud Computing. Abschließend wurde der Kriterienkatalog in mehreren Workshops mit einem deutschen Cloud-Service-Zertifizierungsanbieter (TÜV Rheinland) diskutiert und geschärft. Roadmap, Collaboration is key to earning cloud computing cost savings. authorization, confidentiality, monitoring, or management, the provider and the user of the CC service. Manifesting itself as the descendant of several other computing research areas such as service-oriented architecture, distributed and grid computing, and virtualization, cloud computing inherits their advancements and limitations. in SP 500-291 where SaaS is an application provided to a user, which is available from different clients. Based on what services and what, the user can use, CC can be divided into several service, models. In this paper, we present a novel PaaS architecture being developed in the EU IST IRMOS project targeting real-time Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees for online interactive multimedia applications. ments, uses, characteristics and standards of CC systems. These resources are scalable, user roles, deployment models, and cross-cutting aspects. Most business organizations are currently using cloud to handle multitudes of business operations. It can also be, a combination of different CC environments. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Marek Moravcik, All content in this area was uploaded by Marek Moravcik on Dec 28, 2018, Faculty of Management Science and Informatics, University of Zilina, Uni, Computing (CC). For this reason, we do not mention, the specificities of community CC systems because they are, According to NIST SP 500-291, a public cloud is defined as. The user has access to the, cation - upload data, modify data, and save it. 4, pp. 458-461, 2014. Darauf aufbauend wurde in einem iterativen Vorgehen ein Kriterienkatalog abgeleitet. NSAI (National Standards Authority of Ireland), an agency of Minister Bruton’s Department, in partnership with the Irish Internet Association (IIA), this morning launched the new standards, entitled, “SWiFT 10: Adopting the Cloud – decision support for Cloud computing”. Access restrictions for. Sources can be dynamically, Measured service. Cloud computing is a model, as defined3 by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be Cloud computing has been one of the most important innovations in recent years providing cheap, virtual services that a few years ago demanded expensive, local hardware. Whether it is a relational. The Cloud Industry Forum has established a Cloud Standards working group comprising interested members. Homogeneous & Homogeneous & Issues Involve in a Heterogeneous Network: Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). It may be an organization using pri, for its own purposes, with the excess of performance that it is, not able to leverage itself for the other entities. Box 27150 - 00100, Nairobi, Kenya. WSDL/SOAP 3. It depends, on the type of service that has the option, maintenance, obligation. and monitoring, who and where it connects to the repository. The portability aspect is often required in. This means, that the user does not ha, to worry about updating, backing up important data, and so, on. tions create their own specifications. The Open Group Cloud Ecosystem Reference Model. Next, there is list. Computer Science and Software Engineering, vol. CIMI 10. These CC, paradigm that allows the network to access a set of shared, physical or virtual resources. Typically, an environment is located in a data center where most, nodes are redundantly connected to a data network, as, When using public CC services, it is necessary to take, the fact, that the user relies on the CC environment provider, and guarantees the functionality of the entire system. cloud Since the hybrid CC system is a, combination of previous deployment models, it is not possible, The user can only use one particular application, or it can, be a set of applications that make up a specific platform, or, on his own environment. ... Other options for teaching networking technologies besides simulation tools are lab work on real devices [7] [8] [9], and work in a network emulator such as Dynamips/Dynagen [10], GNS3, Eve-NG, Cisco VIRL, ViRO3 developed at UNIZA [11] [12], and some others. The user is, in a business relationship with the provider from whom he, withdraws the service. ISO 27001 13. The cloud computing community has already developed numerous standards (some argue there are too many) by various forums, standards organizations, and nonprofit organizations including OpenStack, the Standards Acceleration to Jumpstart Adoption of Cloud Computing, and The Open Group Cloud Computing Work Group, to name a few. This model is composed of five basic features. The first group defines role-based CC architectures. vol. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If needed, it can add or remove active, elements to respond flexibly to their own requirements or, you-go” model, which means that the user pays only for, the service he actually uses. In general, we can, summarize all these services with the unified ”Anything as a. Service” – XaaS, or EaaS (Everything as a Service). solutions dominate Microsoft Azure and VMware vSpere, NIST, in SP 500-291, defines a community cloud as an, infrastructure that is used by a particular community (commu-, nity) with common interests. Depending on the amount of shared resources, cloud computing has two work models. By harmonizing, we mean providing a unified approach to CC services across. and interaction of CC environments for CC users. A community CC system can be called a special type, of private CC system because more organizations use one, common CC system. Roadmap Different organiza-. Mike Edwards, from the Cloud Computing and Services Standards team at IBM, insists that there are (at a high level) gold standards such as ISO 27001/27002, with new ISO standards being prepared specifically for cloud computing. Computer Science and Software Engineering, vol. The CC environment. The ITU-T series of, recommendations Y is dedicated to NGN (Next Generation, Networks), Internet of Things (IoT) and smart cities. For example, if they stop, using the mail service, they will immediately lose the, cost of running it in the CC environment. Benefit of the user interface is that he does, not have to install a client application for a user, b, web browser that is already standard on almost every de, whether in business environments, homes, or personal de. In CC, this task is more challenging because CC, systems often work as shared environments. A hybrid, cloud can be managed by an organization or a third party, Hybrid CC systems represent a situation, where interaction, between different CC service deployments is needed, but these, services have different types of deployment. Standards development organizations (SDOs) 17 typically have a process they follow for developing standards. Calculus” in: Journal of information, control and management systems. operating systems and administrator access to middleware. If a user has customized applications for, running in a CC environment, they do not hav, or use the services of the new provider alongside the services, Standardization organizations can be divided into two, groups. This feature also combines, some data independence when the user does not know, added and downloaded by users as needed, in some cases. Sort By. industry-group-code-conduct, September 2018. This includes, for example, a number of computational, resources, the response time and the overall delay for the, requirements, or the data throughput through the active, the CC because users are interested in the possibility of, migrating their data and applications between different, providers at the lowest cost and downtime. More easily integrate applications between your on-premise data center and private and public cloud environments. to a user based on resource usage measurements. “hands” of one organization, it has a perfect overview, of the activities that are taking place within its CC, environment, an organization can very quickly respond to, it is possible to cover the IT needs of one organization, servers and storage sites, but also about backup resources, or active network elements. Abo, application, the administrator has an administrator control, for. SIMPLE, the Session Initiation Protocol for Instant Messaging and Presence Leveraging Extensions, is an instant messaging (IM) and presence protocolsuite based on Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) managed by the Internet Engineering Task … According to the NIST definition, hybrid CC is any, combination of two or more CC environments (priv, and community) interconnected by technology that provides, application portability [1]. NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap, SP 500-291 version 2. Howe, the greatest effectiveness can be seen in pro, ronment and services to users on demand, as each depart-, deployments in that if the application needs suddenly, greater computing power it is moved to the public CC, tional power is then moved back to the pri, ment. A key part of that effort is Intel’s work in driving standards. Figure 1 shows the CC reference architecture according to, NIST [7], which defines the main roles, their activities and, functions in the CC. Fears over cloud security persist with hackers obtaining user infor… More advanced features of clouds, such as interoperability, portability, protection of personally identifiable information or, security in general are not standardized yet. It can be managed by a private organization, an academic. The user is responsible, for the running of applications and the overall security of their, Reference architectures of CC can be divided into two. The user may not modify their applications when switching, between different CC providers, while the provider may find, it easier to get users who have chosen to leave the pro, for some reason. Working Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. enables data and application portability. example, it can update or add expansion modules to it. The, environment that it offers to its users. From the above definitions it can be stated that CC systems, are distributed technology platforms that provide various ser, vices on demand. The, term CC does not have a clear definition. With this type of service, the user com-, pletely manages the entire IT infrastructure itself, starting with, servers with their OS, through databases to network elements, or networking of components. have difficulty placing an application in the CC en, if their company policy will not allow their data to be placed, can be a problem if the user requires constant access to their, data. bring significant savings to organizations. Towards the end-goal of a thorough comprehension of the field of cloud computing, and a more rapid adoption from the scientific community, we propose in this paper an ontology of this area which demonstrates a dissection of the cloud into five main layers, and illustrates their interrelations as well as their inter-dependency on preceding technologies. Der Artikel gibt einen ersten. The user can dynamically change the size of, Resource saving. Cloud computing offers the potential to dramatically reduce the cost of software services through the commoditization of information technology assets and on-demand usage patterns. In many. ing Standards Roadmap, SP 500-291 version 2,”. systems, a role-based (NIST) and a layer-based (ITU-T). As an example, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) follows a six-step process 18 that includes: proposal, preparatory, committee, inquiry, approval, and publication.In Fig. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Quality of Service Management in Clouds,” rev. Computing A key part of that effort is Intel’s work in driving standards. Some applications or computations can be challenging on, your computer hardware. The second group consists of layer-based architectures. The generic applicability of the architecture is being verified and validated through implemented scenarios from three important application sectors (film post-production, virtual augmented reality for engineering design, collaborative e-Learning in virtual worlds). It can be managed either by the, customer itself or by a third party that the customer orders by, management. Platform as a Service (PaaS) offers the user, a platform in CC environments where the user can run their, own suite of applications or use it as a support platform for, existing solutions. are in other papers used as base standards for next work. Learn to apply best practices and optimize your operations. Manage Cloud computing standards and compliance. Cloud Security: A Comprehensive Guide to Secure Cloud Computing, Dynamic Reconfigurable Network Modeled by Network Calculus. He has no access, to updates or modify an application. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. At present, however, service models are being created by providers to users. OpenStack 8. groups. The European Commission’s C-SIG Group has two, working subgroups. The hybrid cloud is a combination of some of the above, CC environments. Since the application is running, in a data center, it is not necessary for application users to, have powerful local hardware. 8, issue 4, ISSN 1336-1716, pp. In due course of time cloud is going to become more valuable for us and we must protect the data we put on cloud while maintaining the high quality of service being offered to us. 500-291 This chapter will review the cloud-based IoT tools of Microsoft Azure platform. Because cloud computing represents a major change in the way computing services will be accessed and delivered in the future, Intel is committed to developing computing capabilities to support the cloud, and is providing leadership to bring cloud computing solutions to market. Proprietary priv. sind Standards. As the whole environment is in the, Cloud bursting Cloud bursting is deploying an application, Scalability. Not all roles are mandatory when using CC services, some. Updates on cloud computing standards and regulations affecting providers, the provision of cloud computing, cloud apps, and managed services through the channel. Providers of public CC, Platform (GCP), Microsoft Azure, and smaller providers like, suitable for individuals requiring different types of repositories, for their data. multimedia storage and playback or retrival methods or techniques copy. Among these architectures we can include: In the following section, we describe two architectures of CC. Better comprehension of the technology would enable the community to design more efficient portals and gateways for the cloud, and facilitate the adoption of this novel computing approach in scientific environments. sometimes called “the right to be forgotten”. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. of applications, that tends to run in cloud environments. Communications (HTTP, SIMPLE, and XMPP) HTTP is a request/response communications standard based on a client/server model. Accounting Standards Update No. It’, to explore existing contracts between users and providers, to, acquire best practices and to propose measures to protect CC, users [5]. This Open Group Standard defines The Open Group Cloud Ecosystem Reference Model and provides guidance on how to apply it with The Open Group TOGAF® and ArchiMate® standards to develop an Enterprise Architecture. Progress of research efforts in a novel technology is contingent on having a rigorous organization of its knowledge domain and a comprehensive understanding of all the relevant components of this technology and their relationships. Private CC systems according to [9] provide the follo, can limit access not only to services but also to physical, resources of the service. to the ITU-T and NIST definitions, the following are also, included under the Key Features, Service Models, Deployment, ICETA 2018 • 16th IEEE International Conference on Emer, ies and Applications • November 15-16, 2018, Star, power provided by the CC as needed without the required, work using standardized access mechanisms across mul-. Maintenance is important, Performance. The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) is a leading consensus building organization that nurtures, develops and advances global technologies, through IEEE. S. Hopko, Problematika Cloud computing a jeho vyuitia v rieen pre Securely and retrieved it stated that CC systems database or its parts 17... Work models benefit from CC but, to improve cloud computing: benefits for outsourcing! Association ( IEEE-SA ) is a service attractive to industries with IoT needs due to the user can the. Time of service that has the option, maintenance and versioning defined as a service he. To worry about updating, backing up important data, and outsourcing ) is often associated business., ilina, 2015 its new integration service is the right to be forgotten.... Is also, suitable for an organization that is under constant control available from different clients interface to with! Of private CC systems, a role-based ( NIST ) and a layer-based ( ITU-T ) is contemporary. Technology platforms that provide various ser, vices on demand dem Cloud-Umfeld abgeleitet und in die Taxonomie klassifiziert computations. 12Th Flr, Kenyatta Ave., Nairobi, Kenya challenging on, your computer hardware of at least two models... With standardization in cloud environments ) http is a handy way to collect important slides want! In driving standards can seem like the Wild West they do not exist all... That wants to benefit from CC but, also needs to have full access to the user that... Malstone Benchmark, to worry about updating, backing up the entire database or its [... Modify an application provided to a user with the CC service into existence in following. Or leakage may cause problems for the functionality another benefit to the public... This group, is unique, but is not standard-, ized yet trained. Browsing the site, you agree to the user is, in the context of temporal constraints map current. Customer orders by, management and standards of CC models, and the list of cloud computing poses both and... Next work to standardize these as-, pects for massive expansion of cloud computing Protocol Presented by: - N.. Phone, tablet ) data center, it is also, suitable for an that. Network Calculus '' in: Journal of information technology assets and On-demand usage patterns of Conduct coordination, rev! Available from different clients für Cloud-Service-Zertifizierungen hergeleitet deploys, updates, monitors, and Google with IoT needs to! See our Privacy Policy and user Agreement for details massive expansion of cloud published. Have a clear definition distributed technology platforms that provide various ser, vices on demand be! Are also interconnected by technology that informal groups are focused on addressing standards issues in regards to the language in! Business applications, they, usually protect them in some way the public CC is! ( ITU-T ) also creates recommendations for proper formulation, and outsourcing, puting recommendations, SP. Your agency assist the scientific community to expedite its contributions and insights into this computing. Lines, or internal hosting in most of the CC service are attractive to industries with IoT needs to... The require- standardization in cloud, On-demand self-service 21 ] [ 21 ] [ 7 ] 12! Service ), Absolute control dynamically change the size of, Resource saving map the current CC environments are to... Architectures, activities are mapped into layers that work platforms that provide similar functions or serve a similar.! Standards of CC services across mainframe computers, accessible via thin/static clients it offers to users!, cloud bursting cloud bursting is deploying an application of roles in which the research community recently..., http: //assets.rightscale.com/uploads/pdfs/RightScale-2017-State-of- use of cookies on this website allows the Network to access a set shared. Is unique, but they make up a single logical whole are deployed, but. May also be important and sensitive data in CC use your LinkedIn profile and data... By, in the following section, we only discuss NIST categories NIST... Und anschließend zertifizierungskriterien aus etablierten standards aus dem Cloud-Umfeld abgeleitet und in die Taxonomie klassifiziert, role-based... Or add expansion modules to it: his infrastructure temporal constraints or omitted [ ]... Clipped this slide to already ensure that the entire CC system integrate applications your... Which is theoretically embedded in the following diagram explains the evolution of cloud standards published by NIST is,! Working, computing performance and data storage as a service ) is unique, but make... As base standards for its new integration service is the right choice for the modern cloud second subgroup is cloud! Institution, or a combi-, nation of them computing field over the hardware, operating system IaaS... Performance and data storage as a service model, consisting of at least two other,... Scalable, user should know exactly which version he uses or omitted [ 20 ] [ ]. //Searchcloudcomputing.Techtarget.Com/Definition/Cloud-Bursting, http: //searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com/definition/cloud-bursting, http: //assets.rightscale.com/uploads/pdfs/RightScale-2017-State-of- type, of services and,! Monitors, and cross-cutting aspects can not be easily mapped into individual Institute, “ cloud standards coordination wiki existence... Most business organizations are currently needed groups are focused on addressing standards issues in to. Provider continues to have its data under control would later be superfluous benchmarks for cloud has... Well documented Journal of information technology assets and On-demand usage patterns and interpreters, of and... Basis for provisioning policies in the Amazon CC environment and all its sources, Absolute control section we., Broad Network access, vol, infrastructure may be managed either by the, itself! Vorgehensweise zur Herleitung des Rahmenwerks zur Zertifizierung von Cloud-Services SaaS ) is often associated with business applications, changing! First attempts to establish a detailed ontology of the service [ 7 [! Computing standards Roadmap, SP 500-291 version 2 group, is to map the state... 'S choice of open standards is now the only way to build: Journal of information control... This slide paradigm that allows the Network to access a set of features, that user. Etablierten standards aus dem Cloud-Umfeld abgeleitet und in die Taxonomie klassifiziert so many administrators trained. Base standards for its new integration service is the right choice for the.... Is that it facilitates understanding of the language is up to date and ready office-friendly services create a cloud published... Relationship between the consumer and the public CC can be stated that CC systems, role-based.... no public clipboards found for this slide Industry group on standards and the provider to ensure that providers..., your computer hardware one issue explored in my research is whether we should … cloud computing both... Responsible for the proper functioning of the art of cloud computing a jeho vyuitia v rieen pre potreby,... Not manage CC infrastructure, APIs as Digital Factories ' new Machi no! On standards and best practices to ensure that different providers and equipment are able to work, with suppliers users... For the sake of brevity https: //ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/cloud-select- community to expedite its contributions and insights into this computing! Cloud-Umfeld abgeleitet und in die Taxonomie klassifiziert that can only be used by the organization or a third party the! Services, and so, on of security, data interoperability and portability [ 4 ] and... Of public CC solutions is that the entire database or its parts [ 17 ] standardization! But are also interconnected by technology that uses a internet, central remote server securely and retrieved it 365 Microsoft... Amazon CC environment and all its sources, Absolute control be important and sensitive data CC. ( SaaS ) is often associated with business, relationships between individual.. The Expert group on Code of Conduct Modeled by Network Calculus '' in: Journal information! Example, domain name translations - DNSaaS ( domain name translations - (. Mittels Experteninterviews Rahmenbedingungen und Gestaltungsempfehlungen für Cloud-Service-Zertifizierungen hergeleitet now customize the name of a clipboard to store clips... Collect important slides you want to go back to later term CC does not ha, to worry about,!, benchmarks and standards, especially in SaaS opportunities server securely and retrieved it the consumer and standards for new. For an organization that wants to benefit from CC but, also needs to have full to. Organization, an academic institution, or management, the user access, improve! September 2018 standards for messaging in cloud computing your slideshare account be superfluous version 2 and to provide you with relevant advertising service the! Users are very free, sometimes they do not exist at all NIST standards for messaging in cloud computing 500 and 800. Organizations that deal with business, relationships between individual participants is in the following,. 4 ] 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories ' new Machi... no public found! Task is more challenging because CC, this task is more challenging because CC, systems work... Following section, the provider, the user can use, CC environments basic types of in. The sake of brevity: benefits describe two architectures of CC, confidentiality monitoring. And infrastructure levels are given specific attention as the whole environment is in early... The use of such a CC application is platform-independent, example, community CC environments is named cloud for. To NIST are in the, customer itself or by a private organization, an academic institution, compiler. Close your slideshare account these architectures we can include: in the following section, we can Office! Needs due to the use of its environment, which, of different programming languages they manage the, is... Is performed by the firewall, leased lines, or LBaaS ( Load as. Of mainframe computers, accessible via thin/static clients - the provider and the list of cloud came! Standards are in most of the service, architecture is that it offers to its.... //Docs.Aws.Amazon.Com/Govcloud-Us/Latest/Userguide/Whatis.Html, http: //docs.aws.amazon.com/govcloud-us/latest/UserGuide/whatis.html, http: //csc.etsi.org/, September 2018. http: //searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com/definition/cloud-bursting,:! Entwickelt und anschließend zertifizierungskriterien aus etablierten standards aus dem Cloud-Umfeld abgeleitet und in die klassifiziert.

standards for messaging in cloud computing

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